Terence Karran – Academic Freedom In Europe: A Preliminary Comparative Analysis

universityworld, 2007. Using comparative data from 23 states within the European Union (EU), this paper is a preliminary assessment of the protection for, and (by extension) the health of, academic freedom in the universities of the nations of the EU. The paper examines constitutional and legislative protection for academic freedom, along with legal regulations concerning institutional governance, the appointment of the Rector and the existence of academic tenure, in order to create a composite picture of the health of academic freedom in the universities within the EU nations. Additionally, the paper considers how this preliminary analysis could be extended through possible further research to aid refinement of the results, and thereby protect and strengthen academic freedom in Europe.

Read more (PDF): http://www.universityworldnews.com/Karran.pdf


See: Opening Address from Perspectives on Academic Freedom Conference. 18 November 2011. National University of Ireland Maynooth.

Dr Terence Karran is a Senior Academic in the Centre for Educational Research and Development, University of Lincoln, U.K. His current research interests focus on the principle and practice academic freedom, and the protection for academic freedom in the EU, the USA and Latin America. He is a member of the New York University’s Scholars At Risk Academic Freedom Advocacy Team. He is also a Docent in the Education Faculty at the University of Oulu, Finland.

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Lecture Martha Nussbaum: Not For Profit. Why Democracy Needs The Humanities (Audio Recordings)


Lecture Martha Nussbaum: Not for Profit. Why Democracy Needs the Humanities | Thursday June 25, 2013, 20.00 – 22.00 hrs., Collegezalencomplex Radboud University Nijmegen | Organised by the Soeterbeeck Programme

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Alex Park – Has This Chilean Architect Figured Out How To Fix Slums?

radical citiesm.motherjones.com. June 2014. In the United States, we tend to think of the suburbs as the historic domain of the middle class. It’s where the boomers went after fleeing the cities to accommodate their growing families (although the demographics of the suburbs are now changing).
But in Latin America, urban peripheries are less commonly populated by leafy suburbs for the rich than by slums for the poor. These shantytowns typically lack basic infrastructure like paved roads, sewers, and tap water. Living far from the city, residents are often forced to make long and expensive commutes.
But in the medium-sized Chilean port city of Iquique, one architect, Alejandro Aravena, had a solution: partial houses, located at the center of town, equipped with only the barest necessities—and space for residents to build on, bit by bit, as they can afford it.

When they were first built fourteen years ago for about 100 families, Aravena’s flagship projects, called the Quinta Monroy Houses, came with all the core necessities—a roof, a bathroom, a kitchen. With a little more than 300 square feet in floor space to start with, the houses were 25 percent smaller than the average public housing unit in Chile, but with an extra-wide foundation, residents had plenty of room to expand.

In his new book, Radical Cities: Across Latin America in Search of a New Architecture, journalist Justin McGuirk writes that when Aravena first launched the project through his firm, Elemental, a number of critics were appalled. They argued that the government should provide complete houses, since incomplete houses require the occupant to perform manual labor. But where some saw a failure in the making, others welcomed change. In the 1970’s, under Chile’s socialist president Salvador Allende, the government prioritized building completed public housing, even enlisting a Soviet-made pre-fabricated house factory for the job. But despite the initial gusto, the government quickly ran out of the resources to continue. In three years, the slum population rose more than 130 percent.

Since the Allende period, the government has shifted to a hybrid market-government approach, giving subsidies to the poor to buy houses and land. At the time Aravena built Quinta Monroy, the government offered $7,500 per family—usually too little to buy a complete house, but just enough to make Aravena’s stripped-down models affordable.

Read more: http://m.motherjones.com/want-reduce-sprawl-build-half-house

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Americans At Work Series ~ Bookbinders (ca.1961)


Shows the work of bookbinders and the final steps in the process of manufacturing printed books. From the “Americans at Work” series.

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AL Kennedy: – A Point of View: What Happens When A Library Falls Silent

www.beautiful-libraries.com

www.beautiful-libraries.com

bbc.com. June 2014. At the end of May, Rhydyfelin Library was closed. Library users chained themselves to the shelves, obtained a judicial review and, to cut a complicated story short, a small Welsh town had to fight to keep its books – and, in the last few days, may have managed at least a temporary stay of execution.

It was dramatic. And yet in terms of national media coverage the drama played out silence, perhaps appropriately for a library. Perhaps it was too regional a story.

And maybe library closures do just slide by, because they often are regional affairs and also because some things which happen repeatedly somehow become less newsworthy.

Certainly, if you examine Britain’s library closures the story does get repetitive. According to figures collated by Public Libraries News in the last financial year, 61 libraries were withdrawn from service. The preceding year it was 63, the year before that 201. Some new libraries have opened, but there’s debate, again often inaudible, about how many hundreds of others are threatened. Of those 325 lost libraries, around a third have been taken over by their communities in various ways, often with reduced opening hours and working with volunteers.

Read more: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27795832

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Living The Dream Of A Rainbow Nation

dw.de – June 2014. Rubbish piles and sewage litter the streets of Hillbrow, a notorious crime hot spot and urban slum in downtown Johannesburg. Hawkers harass passersby, trying to sell watches, sunglasses and cell phone covers. They could just as well be muggers who pull a knife or a gun. Life is cheap in South Africa – and especially so in Hillbrow. People have been killed for their cell phones. That’s why Trish Branken, now accompanied by 11-year-old daughter Rachel, comes to meet anxious visitors on the street close to their apartment block.

The Brankens, the only white family in the neighborhood, walk the streets confidently. “I used to feel nervous,” 42-year-old Trish, a small white woman with flowing blond hair, admits. But now this is home.

Read more: http://www.dw.de/living-the-dream-of-a-rainbow-nation

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