Manifesto ~ De Nieuwe Universiteit

Maagdenhuis bezetting 1969

Maagdenhuis bezetting 1969

Amsterdam, februari 2015. De laatste jaren lijken studenten en medewerkers steeds vaker in conflict te zijn met besturen op universiteiten/faculteiten en het gevoerde beleid. Zo gaan studentenraden veel vaker naar de landelijke geschillencommissie (1) en in sommige gevallen hebben de conflicten tussen de studenten en het bestuur geleid tot bezettingen (2,3) en andere vormen van protest. Grosso modo het merendeel van de conflicten leidt door verschillende oorzaken niet tot dergelijke “radicalere” acties. Dit heeft tot gevolg dat de conflicten en de onvrede niet altijd zichtbaar zijn voor het bredere publiek.
De onvrede is niet alleen beperkt tot de studenten, ook onderzoekers zoeken het publieke debat op om hun onvrede te uiten. In 2013 zijn de organisaties Science in Transition en Platform Hervorming Nederlandse Universiteiten opgericht om zich te verzetten tegen het huidige onderzoeks- en onderwijsbeleid.

De oorzaak van de onvrede over het universitaire beleid moet gezocht worden bij de totstandkoming ervan. Bij de vorming van het universitair beleid wordt de academische gemeenschap namelijk niet of nauwelijks betrokken. Alleen in de laatste fase wordt de academische gemeenschap in de vorm van medezeggenschap betrokken. Tevens zijn de rechten van de medezeggenschap zodanig beperkt dat grote beleidsplannen hoe dan ook doorgang vinden. Zo had de academische gemeenschap nauwelijks iets te zeggen over de invoering van de bachelor-master stuctuur (BaMa structuur), de harde knip, het 8-8-4 systeem (semester-indeling) of de invoering van het bindend studieadvies (BSA) bij opleidingen. Bovendien was de academische gemeenschap het in veel gevallen niet eens met de invoering met deze ‘projecten’ (4,5,6,7,8).
De medezeggenschap heeft dus, ondanks haar instemmingsrecht op enkele onderwerpen, (te) weinig invloed op het beleid. Dat wil zeggen dat het beleid voornamelijk gevormd wordt binnen de zeggenschapsstructuren op de universiteit. Besluiten en beleid voortgekomen uit de universitaire zeggenschapsstructuren (College van Bestuur, decaan, opleidingsdirecteur etc.) voldoen echter niet aan het democratische principe doordat deze structuren niet op democratische wijze samengesteld worden.
Niet ieder individu van de academische gemeenschap kan deelnemen aan het besluitvormingsproces van de universiteit, noch kan de gemeenschap vertegenwoordigers afvaardigen die plaatsnemen in de zeggenschapsstructuren. In plaats van gekozen universiteitsbesturen en decanen, worden personen voor deze functies benoemd door hogere bestuurslagen en moeten ze continu verantwoording afleggen aan de hogere instanties. Zo wordt het universiteitsbestuur benoemd door de Raad van Toezicht (RvT) en wordt de RvT op haar beurt benoemd door de Minister van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap. Read more

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National Anthropological Archives

Postcard of Egypt from the Charles W. Frost Collection, ca. 1926 - NAA

Postcard of Egypt from the Charles W. Frost Collection, ca. 1926 – NAA

The National Anthropological Archives and Human Studies Film Archives collect and preserve historical and contemporary anthropological materials that document the world’s cultures and the history of anthropology. Their collections represent the four fields of anthropology – ethnology, linguistics, archaeology, and physical anthropology – and include fieldnotes, journals, manuscripts, correspondence, photographs, maps, sound recordings, film and video created by Smithsonian anthropologists and other preeminent scholars.

The collections include the Smithsonian’s earliest attempts to document North American Indian cultures (begun in 1846 under Secretary Joseph Henry) and the research reports and records of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1879-1964), the U.S. National Museum’s Divisions of Ethnology and Physical Anthropology, and the River Basin Surveys. The NAA also maintains the records of the Smithsonian’s Department of Anthropology and of 25 professional organizations, including the American Anthropological Association, the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, the American Ethnological Society, and the Society for American Archaeology.



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Nicola Davison ~ 3D-Printed Cities: Is This The Future?

WinSun’s 3D-printed building in Suzhou industrial park. Photograph: Imaginechina/Corbis

WinSun’s 3D-printed building in Suzhou industrial park. Photograph: Imaginechina/Corbis

The words “we print architecture’s future” adorn the wall of a showroom on the outskirts of Suzhou, a rapidly urbanising city in eastern China. Arranged around the room are samples of odd-looking concrete wall of varying thickness. Outside, across the car park of this otherwise unremarkable industrial estate, is a grand, neoclassical mansion that recently became a global internet sensation . It is the world’s first 3D-printed villa.

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Jenna Zhang ~ For Some, Humanities Find Answers In Interdisciplinarity

humanitiesInterdisciplinary collaborations in the humanities have emerged as a way to sustain a field increasingly besieged by criticism.

As budgets cuts and an increasingly negative public image have taken their toll, humanities researchers at Duke and elsewhere are looking for ways to revitalize their fields. One solution has been interdisciplinary programs and research, which have traditionally been a strong suit of the University. As a result, these programs have seen major growth at Duke, though this expansion has not been without its detractors.

A new buzzword
In recent months, the humanities have come under renewed political attack—particularly following controversy over Wisconsin governor Scott Walker’s call for reallocating public funding from fields devoted to “the search for truth” to those that immediately address workforce demands. Similar comments by North Carolina governor Pat McCrory, who in previous years criticized the “educational elite” and fields such as gender studies, have reflected an increasingly prevalent perception of the humanities as obscure and out of touch with real world needs.

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European Integration online Papers (EIoP) – Latest And Final Publication

EIoP is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary E-journal in the field of European integration research. “European integration research” is to be understood in a broad sense. Scholarly contributions from all relevant disciplines are welcome, e.g. from legal studies, political science, economics, sociology, and history.
EIoP has been published since 1997 under the auspices of ECSA Austria. The editorial office is located at the Institute for European Integration Research, Vienna. From Vol. 11 (2007) onwards, EIoP is, among other indices, included in the ISI Social Sciences Citation Index.

EIoP sympathises with the Open Access movement and is a “ROMEO green publisher” (see Open Access Policy). All articles in EIoP are available free of charge. 

List of  all published papers:

Dear readers,

As the editor-in-chief (Gerda Falkner) and the founding editor-in-chief and technical director (Michael Nentwich), it is our pleasure to announce our of EIoP (article details please find at the bottom of this message).

Our work on this project has lasted for about two decades. The first formal publication was in April 1997 but the preparations for that had been laborious since the six kick-off papers were authored by superstars of European integration studies and followed twice by two more papers by other stellar scholars only a few weeks later. Finally, in 2007, the EIoP has even become an SSCI-listed journal! Overall, we published altogether 257 papers in 19 volumes.

We enjoyed the project and we are still in great support of the basic ideas: making top-level research available to everybody around the globe (open access), free of charge for both authors and readers. However, times have changed fundamentally. A shortage of strictly double-blind refereed journals in the field of European integration studies no longer exists. The same is generally true for online publications with easy access (although unfortunately mostly at high prices). In fact, the present times in our view rather suffer from a “write only” culture where, under ever increasing pressure, researchers produce ever more output. Read more

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Sam Sturgis ~ Kids In India Are Sparking Urban Planning Changes By Mapping Slums

Hand-drawn maps such as this are winding up on the desks of urban planners across India. (Courtesy of Humara Bachpan)

Hand-drawn maps such as this are winding up on the desks of urban planners across India. (Courtesy of Humara Bachpan)

Every kid likes to draw. But in India, young people living in slums are using their sketching skills to spur urban change.

As part of a broader civic campaign centered on “child clubs,” groups of children are creating detailed “social maps” of their marginalized neighborhoods to voice their concerns about public space, as first reported in Citiscope, a CityLab partner site.

Since 2011, UNICEF has been encouraging kids to use mobile technology and open data to map environmental and health issues near their homes. But that technology isn’t available to everyone. Instead, much of the child-led mapping campaign sweeping India today relies on old-school topography materials—paper and a rainbow-spectrum of markers.

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