Levende-Doden ~ Afrikaans-Surinaamse percepties, praktijken en rituelen rondom dood en rouw ~ Inhoud

Pijl‘De dood (of de zinspeling op de dood) maakt mensen kostbaar en aandoenlijk’ – Jorge Luis Borges in ‘De onsterfelijke’ (De Aleph, 1949)


Proloog: Anansi en Dood
1. Inleiding: we leven lekker hier
I – Identificaties & attitudes
2. Wortels & wording
3. Kruis & kalebas
4. De ander & de observator

II – Memento mori
5. Doodstijding & bekendmaking
6. Rituele organisatie & zorg

III – Dede oso
7. Achtergrond & actualiteit
8. Actoren & symbolen
9. Uitvoering & afsluiting

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Van ellende edel. De criticus Slauerhoff over het dichterschap ~ Inhoudsopgave & Woord vooraf


1. Inleiding
2. Demonen en dode zielen: Ruslands letterkunde
3. Stéphane Mallarmé: mysterieuze hersenspinsels en het vrije vers
4. ‘In den beginne was het Woord’: een beginselverklaring
5. Jules Laforgue: ‘stoutmoedige acrobaat in tijd, ruimte en gebied van het ik’
6. Arthur Rimbaud: ‘Mijn doode kameraad, ontembre zwerver, burgerterger’
7. Tristan Corbière: ‘Mijn broederziel, wiens incarnatie ik misschien ben’
8. ‘Het geval Lautréamont’: de logica van een abnormaal individu
9. Rainer Maria Rilke: ‘het móeten zwerven’
10. ‘Gorters werk bezitten is al een groot geluk’. Slauerhoff en het vrije vers
11. Slauerhoff polemist
12. Recapitulatie
13. De identiteit van de dichter. Slauerhoffs vers-praktijk
14. ‘Van ellende edel’. Besluit

Bijlage I. Slauerhoffs publicaties beschouwend proza
Bijlage II. Een selectie uit Slauerhoffs poëticale gedichten
Bijlage III. Corbières besproken gedichten
Bijlage IV. Slauerhoffs stuk over Lautréamont
Bijlage V. Slauerhoffs besproken gedichten

Extra: VARA ~ De wereld draait door: Van Dis en Meinderts over de nalatenschap van Slauerhoff

Rozenberg Publishers 2005 – ISBN 90 5170 516 6

Woord vooraf
Dit proefschrift was een project dat voor het grootste deel tot stand kwam in stilte en in de eenzame teruggetrokkenheid van studeerkamer, bibliotheek en archief. Toch had deze arbeid niet zonder anderen gerealiseerd kunnen worden. Een aantal mensen wil ik daarom op deze plaats bedanken voor hun bijdrage aan de totstandkoming van dit boek. Read more

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The Kingdom Of The Netherlands In The Caribbean: 1954-2004. What Next?


– Preface (see below)
Ernst M.H. Hirsch Ballin ~ Introduction
Lammert de Jong ~ Repairing a not so united Kingdom. Can it be done?
Denicio Brison ~ The Kingdom’s Charter (Het Statuut): Fifty years in the wilderness
Francio Guadeloupe ~ The Politics of Autochthony and Economic Globalization: seamy sides of the same coin
Denicio Brison – In reaction to Francio Guadeloupe
Francio Guadeloupe ~ The need for a critical imagination. In reaction to comments by Denicio Brison
Mito Croes ~ De ‘reinvention’ van het Koninkrijk
Douwe Boersema ~ 50 jaar Statuut en verder
Steven Hillebrink ~ Constitutional In-Betweenity: Reforming the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean
Dirk Kruijt & Wim Hoogbergen ~ Suriname 1954-2004. Kroniek van een illusie
About the authors

This book contains a selection of treatises on the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean, 1954-2004. The Netherlands Antilles and Aruba are part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The constitution of the Kingdom, Het Statuut (the Kingdom Charter), was formalized in 1954.
In anticipation of the 50th anniversary of the Charter for the Kingdom on 15th December 2004, a conference, workshops and a series of lectures were held in the Netherlands Antilles. On Sint Maarten, the Island government initiated a conference (22 October 2004), which also included representatives of neighboring islands (St. Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla, French St. Martin), to be followed, the next day, by workshops organized by the University of St. Martin. On Curaçao, the University of the Netherlands Antilles arranged a series of lectures for the general public in November and December 2005.
Most of the book is in English, part is in Dutch. This is a reflection of the language practice in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. On Sint Maarten the lingua franca is English. On Curaçao, a Dutch speaking national may lecture in Dutch, though a presentation in Papiamento would certainly add to the speaker’s standing. Notwithstanding, all lectures on Curaçao were in Dutch. The chapter on Suriname has been included in order to present a more complete picture of the Charter’s 50 years history.
The authors present a medley of interests in the Kingdom of the Netherlands: young scholars, seasoned academics, a former Aruban minister-plenipotentiary in the Netherlands and a former Dutch resident- representative in the Netherlands Antilles. The book’s Introduction is by Ernst M.H. Hirsch Ballin, a former minister of Kingdom Affairs and presently a member of the Council of State of the Kingdom. For many years he has maintained a deep-rooted and well documented interest in the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean.

The book’s cover shows a picture of a statue of a black Caribbean woman wrapped in the colors of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.[i] We had some doubts about this choice of cover. Could it be labeled as frivolous, irreverent or missing the point? One of the authors convinced us that this statue reflects:
(…) that the Kingdom has been multi-ethnic for centuries; that people of all color have been part of Orange; and that this awareness is growing. This statue is gender sensitive by indicating the role women in colonial dress and head wrap have played in critically translating the Netherlands dominance so that Antilleans and Arubans while being victimized, did not see themselves as victims of history.
The statue symbolizes a new concept of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and at the same time it explicates that since colonial times the borders of the Kingdom extend far beyond the North Sea. (Francio Guadeloupe)

With vigor and pleasure we have put this book together. Most of us knew each other in cyberspace only; some met for the first time in ‘hard copy’ on Curaçao and Sint Maarten. Very likely new bonds of scholarship have been fastened for the days to come. This book would not have seen the light without the 50-year Charter initiatives of the Island government of Sint Maarten (Sarah Wescot-Williams, Dennis Pantophlet, Dorothy Lake), the University of St. Martin (Josianna Fleming-Artsen, Maria van Enckevort) and the University of the Netherlands Antilles (Miguel Goede and Douwe Boersema). We and our readers owe them much appreciation. Only insiders know how hard it was to find the money to realize these initiatives. Auke van der Berg, Rozenberg Publishers, agreed to run the press again by stating: the future of the Kingdom is our niche.” So be it.

Lammert de Jong
Amsterdam, April 2005

i. This statue was a complimentary present to friendly relations of a political party (C 93) on Curaçao that aimed to integrate the Netherlands Antilles as part of the Netherlands. Many years ago I had to honor to be invited on a Sunday morning on Curaçao to speak about various options of Kingdom relations and have since treasured this statue on one of the Caribbean bookshelves in my study. This party did not achieve this goal and the gist of this book does not deal with this option.

Rozenberg Publishers ~ ISBN 978 90 5170 195 1 – 2005

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Margot Leegwater ~ Sharing Scarcity: Land Access And Social Relations In Southeast Rwanda

sharing-scarcityLand is a crucial yet scarce resource in Rwanda, where about 90% of the population is engaged in subsistence farming, and access to land is increasingly becoming a source of conflict. This study examines the effects of land-access and land-tenure policies on local community relations, including ethnicity, and land conflicts in post-conflict rural Rwanda. Social relations have been characterized by (ethnic) tensions, mistrust, grief and frustration since the end of the 1990-1994 civil war and the 1994 genocide. Focusing on southeastern Rwanda, the study describes the negative consequences on social and inter-ethnic relations of a land-sharing agreement that was imposed on Tutsi returnees and the Hutu population in 1996-1997 and the villagization policy that was introduced at the same time. More recent land reforms, such as land registration and crop specialization, appear to have negatively affected land tenure and food security and have aggravated land conflicts. In addition, programmes and policies that the population have to comply with are leading to widespread poverty among peasants and aggravating communal tensions. Violence has historically often been linked to land, and the current growing resentment and fear surrounding these land-related policies and the ever-increasing land conflicts could jeopardize Rwanda’s recovery and stability.

Full text book: http://www.ascleiden.nl/news/sharing-scarcity

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Extended Statehood In The Caribbean ~ Paradoxes Of Quasi Colonialism, Local Autonomy And Extended Statehood In The USA, French, Dutch & British Caribbean

Extended2008 ~ Quite a number of islands in the Caribbean region have not yet gained independent status. They still have constitutional relationships with former colonial mother countries, be it Puerto Rico with the USA, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba with the Netherlands, Martinique and Guadeloupe with the French Republic or the Caribbean Overseas Territories with Britain.
The status of the non-independent Caribbean remains ambiguous. None of the islands wish to stand on their own as sovereign states. A range of complexes is attributed to this (quasi) colonial status. They have sacrificed their cultural and political identities for a well-being that – by definition – cannot be fulfilled. The islands’ citizenry suffers from racial discrimination, not only at home, but also on the metropolitan mainland. And instead of exhausting every possibility to achieve sustainable development, a welfare mentality has overwhelmed the dynamics of the islands’ econonomies. Better off, yes, but at what price?
In this book, the islands’ connections with American and European metropolitan centers are considered lifelines which must be strengthened. The constitutional arrangement is defined as extended statehood, a form of government that is meant to supplement the island government. As de-colonization is not an option, it makes no sense to use alternative concepts such as dependency or re-colonization. These terms are biased and outdated. Circumstances have changed and require a format of analysis that goes beyond the old landscape of ‘colonies’ and ‘independent states’. The objective of this book is to promote a new look at extended statehood in the Caribbean while raising a number of questions relating to the operation of the different extended statehood systems across the region. What are their objectives? What is their mission? How are they organized? How do they operate? What are the advantages and what are the disadvantages? Are there any Gordian knots that cannot be solved?

The contributors to this book present a medley of interests in the Caribbean. Jorge Duany and Emilio Pantojas-Garica, University of Puerto Rico, describe the contradictions of Free Associated Statehood in Puerto Rico. Justin Daniel, University of the French Antilles and French Guiana (Martinique), contributed the part on the French Departement d’Outre mer (DOM)(Martinique and Guadeloupe). Peter Clegg, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK, delineates the United Kingdom’s relations with Caribbean Overseas Territories (COT). The chapter on the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean is by Lammert de Jong, a former resident-representative of the Netherlands in the Netherlands Antilles. Francio Guadeloupe, University of Amsterdam, provided the introduction to anti-national pragmatism. Dirk Kruijt, Utrecht University, assisted in editing the volume.

Table of Contents
1. Lammert de Jong – Extended Statehood in the Caribbean: Definition and Focus.
2. Jorge Duany & Emilio Pantojas-Garcia – Fifty Years of Commonwealth. The Contradictions of Free Associated Statehood in Puerto Rico.
3. Justin Daniel – The French Departements d’outre mer. Guadeloupe and Martinique.
4. Lammert de Jong – The Kingdom of the Netherlands. A Not So Perfect Union with the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.
5. Peter Clegg – The UK Caribbean Overseas Territories. Extended Statehood and the Process of Policy Convergence.
6. Francio Guadeloupe – Introducing an Anti-National Pragmatist on Saint Martin & Sint Maarten.
7. Lammert de Jong – Comparing Notes on Extended Statehood in the Caribbean.
About the authors

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High Amsterdam ~ Ritme, roes en regels in het uitgaansleven


Omslagontwerp: Lucas Mees. Foto omslag: Ziggy Love – RoXY

Nu bijna compleet online: Ton Nabben – High Amsterdam. Ritme, roes en regels in het uitgaansleven.

1. Van acid tot zerotolerance
2. Theoretische visies op drugs, jeugd en uitgaan
3. De Amsterdamse panelstudie
4. Uitgaan en drugs tussen interbellum en jaren tachtig
5. Van RoXY tot regelgeving
6. Het nieuwe Amsterdamse uitgaansleven
7. De drugsmarkt van de Amsterdamse uitgaanswereld
8. Ecstasy: het succes van een ‘psychedelische amfetamine’
9. Cocaïne: terug van nooit echt weggeweest
10. Amfetamine: de radicalisering van energie
11. Anesthetica: tussen euforie en narcose
12. Regels en roes in het uitgaansleven
13. Samenvatting en conclusies
14. Summary and conclusions

15 Bijlagen & Literatuur


Foto: Maurice Boyer – Vondelstraatrellen Amsterdam 1980

Amsterdam 1981. Krap dertig jaar woon ik inmiddels in deze stad. Ik weet nog goed dat Mokum in haar voegen kraakte toen ik mij hier vestigde. De stad leed onder een taaie economische crisis. Heroïne ontwrichtte het leven van veel jonge Amsterdammers en ‘verdwaalde’ toeristen. Het wallengebied oogde vitaal én verloederd. Krakers, waarvan vele student, veroverden tientallen panden per jaar. De jeugdwerkloosheid steeg tot wel 30%. De do it yourself mentaliteit gold als creatief antigif tegen het doem- en no future denken. Sociologen typeerden ons als de ‘verloren generatie’, in straatjargon ook wel de ‘traangasgeneratie’ genoemd. Schermutselingen met de politie en mobiele eenheid waren schering en inslag. Niks nieuws, want de stad was vanaf de jaren zestig al het strijdtoneel van nozems, kuiven, hippies, provo’s, opgeschoten tuig, rapaille en in mijn tijd punks, krakers en autonomen. De stad stond onder curatele en smachtte naar andere, betere tijden.

De door provo ontketende anarchistische stadssfeer was met het naderen van de eeuwwisseling gaandeweg verdampt. ‘Amsterdamned’ ontpopte zich als ‘glAmsterdam’. Pep, punks en protest transformeerden tot house, hip en happening. De strijd om de straat maakte plaats voor nachtenlang dansen tot aan het ochtendgloren.

Anno 2010 is de economische barometer na een zeer welvarende periode weer tot onder nul gezakt. Vooralsnog oogt de stad rijker en mondainer dan toen. Het toerisme is een stuwende bron van inkomsten geworden. De studentenpopulatie is fors gegroeid, evenals de dienstensector en het uitgaansleven. Technologie, creativiteit en innovatie zijn de nieuwe speerpunten van beleid. Met een uitgekiende citymarketing gooit Amsterdam als cool city weer hoge ogen. De slogan ‘Amsterdam heeft het’ is veranderd in ‘I Amsterdam’. Tussen al het stadstumult had ik destijds als twintiger, werkloos of niet, één doel voor ogen; tegen mijn dertigste wilde ik weten welke richting het op zou gaan met mijn leven. Read more

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