Het verhaal is nooit af… ~ Een korset met duizenden voedselbonnen

SIES v TONGEREN LR

Ills.: Jean Cameron Foto: Lo Andela

“Het is best heftig wat zich allemaal in mijn familie heeft afgespeeld. Mijn opa is Paul van Tongeren. Zijn vader Hermannus van Tongeren jr werd in 1944 met een nekschot doodgeschoten door de Duitsers vanwege zijn verzetswerk. Mijn opa is als tweejarige zijn vader kwijtgeraakt en zijn moeder was zo in shock dat ze niet meer heeft gesproken. Dat vind ik een heel naar verhaal”, vertelt de 12- jarige Sies van Tongeren in het Groningse Haren. Zijn broertje Mart (8 jaar) zit bij het gesprek.

De zuster van hun overgrootvader was Jacoba van Tongeren. Zij was zesendertig jaar toen de oorlog uitbrak en rolde via haar vader, Hermannus van Tongeren sr, generaal en grootmeester in de Orde der Vrijmetselaren, meteen het verzet in. Als oud-militair bracht hij haar militaire beginselen van geheimhouding bij. “Ze is door hem als een jongen opgevoed. Ze heeft als klein kind met hem in de bushbush gewoond in Nederlands-Indië, omdat haar moeder haar niet als kind wilde. Jacoba is waarschijnlijk de enige vrouw die tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog een grote verzetsgroep heeft geleid, Groep 2000. Ze was door haar vader getraind om sterk te zijn. Sommige mensen vonden het raar dat een vrouw leidster was van een groep. Maar ik beschouw haar als een stoere vrouw. Ze dacht aan anderen. Dat vind ik bijzonder.”

“Ze droeg een korset met daarin duizenden voedselbonnen. Ze deed net alsof ze zwanger was. De Duitsers stonden voor haar op.”

Groep 2000 werkte met een code die Jacoba van Tongeren had bedacht met het oog op veiligheid. Alle groepsleden, maar ook de vele onderduikers die zij ondersteunde, werden niet met hun eigen naam genoemd maar met een cijfercode. Ook het adres was gecodeerd. Alleen met een sleutel kon je de codes ontcijferen. Uiteindelijk liep het toch mis. Op vrijdag 9 maart 1945 werd het hoofdkantoor van Groep 2000 aan de Stadhouderskade 56 door de Duitsers bezet. Alhoewel Jacoba strikte orders had gegeven dat als er niet op kantoor werd gewerkt, de codesleutel meegenomen moest worden, bevond die zich toch nog op de Stadhouderskade toen de Duitsers er die vrijdagavond binnenvielen. Read more

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Newsweek ~ Quora Question: What Is It Like To Live in Hong Kong’s Cubicle Apartments?

Photo: en.wikipedia.org

Photo: en.wikipedia.org

Quora Questions are part of a partnership between Newsweek and Quora, through which we’ll be posting relevant and interesting answers from Quora contributors throughout the week. Read more about the partnership here.

Answer from David Yu.

It’s a different mind set. I lived in Hong Kong for 12 years, and in the U.S. for 17 years (different cities/suburban). Most of the cities feel like a giant Monopoly game, but no other city comes close to Hong Kong. Everything is tighter in Hong Kong; it’s important to have a good concept of caching your stuff (not in a computer programming way, but similar).

Read more: http://www.newsweek.com/hong-kongs-cubicle-apartments

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Christina Culwick ~ Why Gated Communities Threaten Democratic Cities

Photo: futurecapetown.com

Photo: futurecapetown.com

Recently I tried to drive through a gated section of Westcliff , an affluent suburb in Johannesburg, to avoid traffic, only to be stopped by the guard at the boom and informed that I was not permitted to go through. I insisted that I had every right to enter, since it was a public road so I couldn’t legally be prevented from entering. The guard was not convinced. I went on to claim my right to freedom of movement and he maintained his position to restrict it. Our back and forth continued – neither party budging, and both getting more indignant. Eventually I stormed out of my car, lifted the boom myself and was instructed by another guard to “Just go”.

Reflecting on this incident, I feel I should declare that I am a white, middle class South African who benefited from apartheid, and live adjacent to Westcliff. I acknowledge that the private security guard with whom I argued has likely experienced restriction of movement to a degree I cannot comprehend, and his experience of exclusion in Westcliff is likely far greater than mine. His job is to implement a system. My issue lies not with him but with that system.

Read more: http://futurecapetown.com/gated-communities

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Wesley Cecil ~ Wittgenstein His Life & Philosophy

A lecture covering the life and philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein. For information on upcoming lectures, essays, and books by Wesley Cecil Ph.D.

Bertrand Russell ~ Introduction. Mr. Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, whether or not it prove to give the ultimate truth on the matters with which it deals, certainly deserves, by its breadth and scope and profundity, to be considered an important event in the philosophical world. Starting from the principles of Symbolism and the relations which are necessary between words and things in any language, it applies the result of this inquiry to various departments of traditional philosophy, showing in each case how traditional philosophy and traditional solutions arise out of ignorance of the principles of Symbolism and out of misuse of language. The logical structure of propositions and the nature of logical inference are first dealt with. Thence we pass successively to Theory of Knowledge, Principles of Physics, Ethics, and finally the Mystical (das Mystische). In order to understand Mr. Wittgenstein’s book, it is necessary to realize what is the problem with which he is concerned. In the part of his theory which deals with Symbolism he is concerned with the conditions which would have to be fulfilled by a logically perfect language. There are various problems as regards language.

Read more: http://people.umass.edu/phil335-klement-2/tlp/tlp-ebook.pdf

Gutenberg.org ~  Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus

Wesley Cecil is a philosophy professor at Peninsula college.

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Samantha Spooner ~ Hubs Of Innovation, Art And Culture; These Are The Hidden Treasures Of Africa’s Slums

Photo: Mail & Guardian

Photo: Mail & Guardian

As part of the BBC’s “A Richer World” season, renowned Swedish statistician Hans Rosling recently discussed how West Africa managed to contain the Ebola virus.
It is a fascinating presentation, and part of it illustrates how the trajectory of things tend to change dramatically when they arrive in an African slum.

Sometimes it is for the worse, as in the case of Ebola. Other times, it is for the better, as with culture.

So it is with Semba, the type of infectious music that is always sure to snag the usual body wigglers in the room. Its rhythm combines a delicious mix of lively African beats, smooth samba tones and fast-paced Caribbean Zouk flavour to produce a sound that will keep you hip-locked for hours.
It’s easy to understand how this music got its name; semba comes from the singular Masemba, meaning “a touch of the bellies”, a move that characterises the appropriate semba dance stance.

Semba’s roots
Semba originated from the slums or musseques of Luanda, Angola, in the early 1960s. Urban Angolans began to take advantage of reforms in colonial policy and began to improve their daily lives, which included the creation of new cultural spaces. The production of semba, a local form of urban popular music, was at the forefront of this process.
Today the music is as alive and popular as it ever was, with new artists emerging every year. In fact, any conversation about contemporary Angolan music must always begin with semba. It has also achieved international popularity, particularly in Lusophone countries and across West Africa.
It goes to show, you cannot judge a book by its cover.

Read more:http://m.mgafrica.com/the-hidden-treasures

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Nikolaos Karagiannis & C.J. Polychroniou ~ The Scourge Of Dependency And Globalization In The Caribbean

11073562_10205708062168035_6993280865372115465_ntruth-out.org. April 2015. Historically, the Caribbean countries developed under the tutelage of different European empires, and more recently under North American dominance. As a result, the Caribbean came to be a classic area of plantation society as there is a certain unity to the region’s development and in its patterns of historical evolution. Furthermore, the plantation economy models emphasized the historical continuity of Caribbean dependence from the slave plantation to modification following emancipation, to further modification in the post-colonial era. Political independence established national sovereignty (i.e., “flag independence”) in older and newer nations of the Commonwealth Caribbean, when both groups were integrated into the international system. Consequently, the political process of national independence converted states, societies and nations that had evolved as integral parts of the global system. The effect was to legitimize their autonomy based on concepts of self-determination.

Read more: http://www.truth-out.org/the-scourge-of-dependency

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